An object, such as a tool, weapon or ornament, of archaeological or historical interest, especially such an object found at an archaeological excavation. (noun)
Something viewed as a product of human conception or agency rather than an inherent element. (noun)
A structure or finding in an experiment or investigation that is not a true feature of the object under observation, but is a result of external action, the test arrangement, or an experimental error. (noun)
An object made or shaped by some agent or intelligence, not necessarily of direct human origin. (noun)
Examples of word artifact
This fifth game has Layton and Luke investigating the mystery of the title artifact in Casino City, which seems to have been created by the wish-granting mask.
You conclude (somehow) that this artifact is a "design", by which you mean it displays "purpose".
Do you understand that the doctrine holding that intelligent agency must be identified in advance of a linkage of it to an "artifact" is an ruling and not a logical necessity?
Bradford: Do you understand that the doctrine holding that intelligent agency must be identified in advance of a linkage of it to an "artifact" is an ruling and not a logical necessity?
Rogue Moon: Algis Budrys, 1960 - An alien artifact is found on the moon, which is so alien that anyone trying to investigate it dies horribly.