Any (member) of several species of birds in the genera Aburria, Chamaepetes, Oreophasis, Penelope, Penelopina, and Pipile, of the family Cracidae, limited to the Americas. (noun)
Examples of word guan
The bandit chief is not impressed, but soon he and his men are made quick work of by the woman and her large polearm (she wields what is called a guan dao in Chinese, it's a long pole weapon with a curved blade fixed at the top).
Still, while you feel "guan" shouldn't be translated as controlled, I don't think "controlled" necessarily leads to people to think of "oppressed".
Once, when eating breakfast at a small outdoor aboriginal restaurant in the mountains of Taiwan, the owner, a motherly woman, asked me if I wanted to try some, "san bei guan niu".
“Ti hu guan ding” can be translated as suddenly achieve enlightenment.
“San guan sheng jiang” pronounced sahn gwahn shung jyahng means energy ascends and descends in three gates.